Kerstin: What about liberalization?
Tobias: If you measure liberalization by whether the energy market is unbundled, you can clearly say for Russia: grid operation and generation are decoupled, so it is a liberal market. Nevertheless, system services such as balancing energy for the stable operation of the electricity grid are almost exclusively provided by conventional power plants. A larger flexibility market for decentralized generation and consumption plants is likely to develop over the next years.
Kerstin: What about balancing reserve services in Russia?
Tobias: Russia is not connected to the European interconnected grid, but has its own grid - although its frequency is 50 Hertz as in Europe, the grid is not synchronous with ours. Russia therefore has to compensate for all fluctuations with its own power plants. As mentioned above, balancing services are supplied by large power plants and are significantly influenced by transmission system operators. In addition, demand side management is now being introduced, where the "balancing energy demand" is planned in 2-hour and 4-hour blocks on the previous day. As both the grid frequency and the capacity utilization of individual power lines are taken into account by the grid operator, the individual asset plays a greater role; the dispatch is, so to speak, plant-specific.
Kerstin: And what else did you take home from your trip?
Tobias: In Russia and even in Moscow, distances are definitely measured differently than here - which is understandable in such a large country! I had been booked a hotel room for the fair, which, according to the organizers, was very close to the fair. Shortly before my arrival, I checked again - "very close" in Moscow still meant more than three quarters of an hour by public transport!
|Power Consumption:||1,073 TWh (2017)|
|Electricity mix* **:||Coal: 15.71 %|
Oil: 1 %
Gas: 47.83 %
Nuclear: 18.02 %
Hydro: 17.11 %
Wind: 0.01 %
Solar: 0.04 %
Geothermal: 0.04 %
Biomass: 0.23 %
|Percentage of Renewable Energies:||0.1 %|
|INDCs in the Paris Agreement:||"Limiting anthropogenic greenhouse gases in Russia to 70-75% of 1990 levels by the year 2030 might be a long-term indicator, subject to the maximum possible account of absorbing capacity of forests."|
|* 2016||** numbers are rounded to second decimal place|
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