What are Cross-Border Interconnectors?
To turn national electricity grids into a large European electricity market, the various national transmission system operators (TSOs) need transit capacity for cross-border electricity trade. These border connection points, also called cross-border interconnectors, enable TSOs at international level to transfer electricity from one national grid to another. Only cross-border interconnectors can turn on-balance-sheet electricity trading into real, physical electricity deliveries. Their expansion is therefore a central starting point of the European Commission's electricity market policy and the implementation of the integrated European energy market.
Table of Contents
- The European Electricity Grid and its Cross-Border Interconnectors
- Border Interconnection Points as the Backbone and Bottleneck of the European Interconnected Network
- Negative Effects of Insufficient Cross-Border Interconnection Capacities
- Seasonal Load Fluctuations at the Cross-Border Interconnectors
- Seasonal and Diurnal Cross-Border Traffic of Electricity in the Alpine Region
- Overview of Major Cross-Border Projects at European Level
- Selection of European Projects on Electricity Market Integration and Expansion of Cross-Border Interconnectors
- BEMIP (Baltic Energy Market Integration Plan)
- INELFE (Interconexión Eléctrica Francia-España)
- Northern Seas
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